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National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases collaborative antiviral study. N Engl J Med.Jul 17, · Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) is an acute or subacute illness that causes both general and focal signs of cerebral dysfunction. Brain infection is thought to occur by means of direct neuronal transmission of the virus from a peripheral site to the brain via the trigeminal or olfactory nerve.
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is an important cause of encephalitis in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific region. JEV is primarily transmitted by the vector mosquito Culex tritaeniorhynchus, and is maintained through zoonotic cycles between pigs and .
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is the leading cause of viral encephalitis in Asia, with up to 70, cases reported annually. Case-fatality rates range from % to 60% and depend on the population and age.
Encephalitis is defined as inflammation of the brain. This definition means encephalitis is different from meningitis, which is defined as inflammation of the layers of tissue, or membranes, covering the srmvision.comunately, in some people, both of the diseases may coexist and lead to a more complex diagnosis and treatment plan; in addition, both conditions share many of the same symptoms so.
Some types of autoimmune encephalitis which is where the immune system is attacking the brain, such as acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), are caused by infection in which case the term ‘post-infectious encephalitis’ is used. Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) causes Japanese encephalitis, which is a leading form of viral encephalitis in Asia, with around 50, cases and 10, deaths per year in children below 15 years of age.
The JEV has shown a tendency to extend to other geographic regions. Case fatality averages 30%.